In the end, on July 14, 2015, all parties agreed on a comprehensive nuclear agreement. [58] At the time of the announcement, shortly before 11:00 GMT, the agreement was made available to the public. [59] Reuters reported that waivers had been granted to Iran before January 16, 2016. The stated purpose of these exemptions was to facilitate sanctions and other benefits by then, rather than being violated by Iran. The exceptions are redefined: a) Iran is able to exceed 300 kg of 3.5% URE in the agreement; b) Iran is able to exceed the zero kg of URE in the agreement; (c) Iran continues to operate 19 “hot cells” that exceed the size of the agreement; (d) Iran retains control of 50-tonne water that exceeds the agreement`s 130-tonne limit by storing the surplus at an Iranian-controlled facility in Oman; [105] In December 2016, the IAEA issued joint commission decisions out of the JCPOA. [106] Iran announced in early November that it would take the fourth stage of the 2015 nuclear deal – injecting uranium gas into 1044 centrifuges that had been empty under the terms of the agreement. 4 February 2020: Josep Borrell Fontelles, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, reaffirmed at a press conference in Tehran the EU`s desire to preserve the JCPOA. He said the European parties to the agreement had agreed to “permanently postpone the dates and deadlines” of the dispute settlement mechanism to avoid the Security Council being referred. Rouhani later gave an interview on Fox News and reiterated that Iran did not want nuclear weapons. On July 22, 2015, Abbas Araghchi, Iran`s deputy foreign minister, who led the negotiations, announced on state-controlled television that the recent nuclear deal with world powers did not involve restrictions on Iranian weapons or missiles and that Tehran would continue to arm its regional allies. “During the negotiations, we told them [the powers P5-1] that we will deliver weapons to everyone and everywhere and import weapons from anywhere we want, and we have made that clear during the negotiations,” Araghchi said.

[15] Ankit Panda of The Diplomat states that this will make it impossible for any scenario in which Iran does not comply with the JCPOA, but escapes the reintroduction of sanctions. [117] But Mark Dubowitz of the Foundation for the Defence of Democracies (which opposes the agreement) argues that the United States would be reluctant to impose a “snapback” for minor offences, with the JCPOA predicting that Iran could consider the reintroduction of sanctions (partially or totally) as a reason for withdrawing from the agreement: “The only thing you will bring to the Security Council , are massive violations of Iran. you certainly do not risk the Iranians turning away from the agreement and embarking on a nuclear escalation for minor violations. [118] March 21, 2016: Trump, then a candidate, delivers a speech at the annual meeting of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee and notes that his “number one priority is to dismantle the disastrous agreement with Iran.” During the revision phase in Congress, an intense public debate took place in the United States. [205] “Some of the richest and most powerful donors in American politics, those for and against the agreement,” were included in the public debate[206] although the “mega-donors” who opposed the agreement contributed far more money than the supporters of the agreement. [207] From 2010 to early August 2015, the foundations of Sheldon Adelson, Paul Singer and Haim Saban contributed a total of $13 million (at least $7.5 million, at least $2.6 million and at least $2.9 million) to lobby groups opposed to an Iran deal. [207] On the other hand, three groups that defended the agreement received at least $803,000 from the Ploughshares fund, at least $425,000 from the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and at least $68,500 from George Soros and his foundation. [207] Other philanthropists and donors supporting an agreement are the S.