The Bloc`s Dublin Regulation stipulates that asylum seekers must lodge their applications in the first EU country where they enter or are at risk of being returned. In 2016, Turkey agreed on an agreement with the EU on the return of refugees. And in 2017, EU countries reached a controversial deal with Libyan authorities to return to potential asylum seekers detained during the Mediterranean crossing. Since March 2017, about 59,000 people have crossed the border between official ports of entry to make a refugee claim, according to Canada`s Immigration and Refuge Council. Approximately 15,000 of these applications have been accepted, 12,000 have been rejected and 29,000 are awaiting a decision. Data from the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada indicates that the number of asylum seekers entering Canada fell from more than 7600 people between April and August 2019 to less than 130 people for the same period in 2020. A safe third country is a state in which a person passing through that country could have applied for refugee protection. In Canada, subsection 102(2) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act sets out the criteria for designating a country as a safe third country. Concerns have been expressed about the lack of security legislation to protect refugees in the United States. .

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