In 2019, the agreement took on new importance due to contemporary Turkish operations on Syrian territory.   The agreement was explicitly mentioned in the agreement on the second buffer zone in northern Syria. Ankara said Russia was not respecting a part of the agreement that did not guarantee attacks on Idlib and the status quo on the ground. However, the agreement is unlikely to mark the end of the terrible suffering in the region. Although years of discussions on Syria have resulted in various agreements, many complaints have also been filed regarding violations. Russia says Turkey has failed to “neutralize” al-Qaeda-linked groups among the rebels, while Turkey says Russia is targeting civilians. Russia had already offered Turkey control of an area inside Idlib, but it was much smaller than Turkey would have liked. Turkey on Saturday rejected Russian accusations that it had disobeyed agreements with Russia and Iran in Syria`s Idlib province, threatening to take military action in the region if diplomatic efforts with Moscow failed. Unlike the battle for Aleppo, Moscow does not need Tehran in Idlib and has excluded it from talks with Ankara.
This has angered Iran`s leaders, who will likely try to spoil the Russian-Turkish deal by provoking the Turkish side. Turkey will probably react to all provocations, presumably with Russia`s agreement. The latest Turkish-Russian agreement reached on March 5 in Moscow by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin will be no exception. While the deal managed to end the fighting and give respite to the three million Syrians living in the province, most of whom have been repeatedly driven out, it has failed to find a stable solution that would prevent a new military offensive by the Syrian regime and its allies on the last stronghold of the Turkish-backed Syrian opposition. The deal appears to achieve Russia`s main goal, which is to allow the Syrian government to take control of strategic highways essential to consolidating its grip on the country after a devastating nine-year war. Moscow (AP) – The Presidents of Russia and Turkey said they had agreed on a ceasefire to begin Thursday at midnight in northwestern Syria, where intensified fighting had threatened to bring troops from both countries into direct conflict. Russian President Vladimir Putin, who stands with his Turkish counterpart Tayyip Erdogan, said he hoped their deal would lead to a halt to military action in Syria`s last major rebel stronghold in the country`s northwest. At the beginning of the more than six-hour talks with the Kremlin, the two heads of state and government stressed the need for an agreement. One of the objectives was to avoid harming their bilateral relations and the flowering of trade. “The solution in Idlib is that the (Syrian) regime does not diminish its hostility and withdraws to the borders in the agreements.
Otherwise, we will do it before the end of February,” Erdogan said. The deal was announced after about six hours of talks between Putin and Erdogan in the Russian capital. Since then, the Syrian government has said it no longer feels bound by the deal, but is “ready” to join it if Turkey suspends its support for the Free Syrian Army and other Turkish-backed armed rebel groups in Syria and withdraws its troops from Turkish-occupied territories in northern Syria.   The Russian and Turkish foreign ministers said Thursday`s agreement provides for a ceasefire that will be enforced from midnight along existing battle lines. The agreement also provides for the establishment of a 12-kilometre (7-mile) security corridor along the M4 motorway, which will be patrolled jointly by Russian and Turkish troops from 15 March. Both countries have many interests beyond Syria, from the conflict in Libya, where they support opposing parties, from a recently opened gas pipeline from Russia to Turkey, to arms sales. .